Alternatives to Incarceration

In: Other Topics

Submitted By konakai
Words 300
Pages 2
Briefly summarize how you qualified your references and what aspects of your topic they cover. The list should follow APA style. Just for information, Wikipedia is not considered an appropriate reference.

Bergman, P., & Barrett, S. J. (2000). The criminal law handbook know your rights, survive the system (3rd ed.). Berkeley: Nolo Press.
Enos, R., & Holman, J. E. (1999). Alternative sentencing: electronically monitored correctional supervision (2nd ed.). Bristol, IN: Wyndham Hall Press.
Castle, M. N. (1991). Alternative sentencing: selling it to the public. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.
Prison overcrowding and alternative sentencing: oversight hearing before the Subcommittee on Judiciary and Education of the Committee on the District of Columbia, House of Representatives, Ninety-eighth Congress, first session, on overcrowding in District of Columbia correctional institutions and alternative sentencing proposals, July 12, 1983.. (1983). Washington: U.S. G.P.O..
Dodge, C. R. (1975). A nation without prisons: alternatives to incarceration. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books.
Second chances in the criminal justice system: alternatives to incarceration and reentry strategies. (2007). Washington, D.C.: American Bar Association, Commission on Effective Criminal Sanctions.
Lankford, R. D. (2012). Alternatives to prisons. Detroit [Mich.: Greenhaven Press.
These references cover a broad area from probation to alternative programs to looking at actual situations to find solutions to the overcrowding in our prisons. I am still going through these, however, I feel that it is imperative to write a very informative, well-rounded paper for this class. Our prisons are very full compared to 10 years ago. Our female offenders have increased their presence in prisons drastically, which creates…...

Similar Documents

Incarceration

...ceration Incarceration and Religiosity in a Male Inmate Population Robert Ellery Loomis ADMJ 240W Section 003 Fall 2006 Robert Ellery Loomis ADMJ 240 W Section 003 Incarceration and Religiosity in a Male Inmate Population John Locke said that "good and evil, reward and punishment, are the only motives to a rational creature: these are the spur and reins whereby all mankind are set on work, and guided." The need for removal of persons who commit acts against society as a whole has been a part of human nature. However, is it possible to reintroduce these people back into society and have them be an active and appropriate member of society? I have chosen to examine whether or not religious affiliations while incarcerated assist in the rehabilitation and lack of re-offense upon release. This area deserves additional research, after this study, due to the fact that about 5.6 million, about one out of every thirty-seven people are incarcerated in the United States (NCIS). If researchers can find a more effective way to reduce the level of recidivism; this in turn will decrease the number of incarcerated United States citizens and allow the governmental appropriation to be allocated to other needs. The following study, Religiousness and Post-Release Community Adjustment in the United States, 1990-1998, will be used to determine these three hypotheses: (1) that......

Words: 3383 - Pages: 14

Juvenile Alternatives to Incarceration

...Juvenile Sentencing Alternatives to Incarceration David Schuster Oakland Community College Abstract There are many different ways to punish a juvenile for a crime that they have committed. The most common is incarceration, otherwise known as jail or prison. This option has many disadvantages. I will explore the different aspects of incarceration: how it affects the juveniles, and if, over all, it is an effective way to punish young criminals. I will then present several alternatives to incarceration, now being used, such as: community diversion, counseling, education, behavior management, probation, as well as other methods that not only punish the juvenile, but also provide an opportunity for rehabilitation. For this paper, when talking about incarceration and community alternatives as sentencing options, I intend for them to be applied to the not as serious juvenile crimes. Status offenses, minor in possession, breaking and entering, and minor burglary charges would fall into this category. However, I think for more serious, violent crimes there is less discretion as to punishment options, and therefore most community alternatives may not apply to them. Keywords: Incarceration, community alternatives, juvenile delinquents Juvenile Sentencing Alternatives to Incarceration Incarceration for juveniles in this country is largely based upon our criminal justice system for adults. As Jeffery Fagen (2010) states in his article, there are many similarities......

Words: 1694 - Pages: 7

Equality in Incarceration

...Ohio State University law professor and civil rights activist Michelle Alexander, author of "The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness," reports there are more African American men in prison and jail, or on probation and parole, than were slaves before the start of the Civil War. Statistics reported in 2006, by the U.S .Department of Justice, Bureau of Statistics support this claim, which show that Blacks made up 41 percent of the nation’s 2 million prison and jail inmates, while Non-Hispanic whites made up 37 percent and Hispanics made up 19 percent. The disproportionate ratio of blacks to whites who are incarcerated is especially great in Iowa, Vermont, New Jersey, Connecticut, Wisconsin, North Dakota, and South Dakota – greater than 10-to-1 (USJB, 2006). Why this structural inequality towards African Americans is happening, why it matters, and suggestions to rectify this, are issues that are discussed in this paper. Why is this happening? Since 1970, the U.S. has experienced a large and rapid increase in the rate at which people, regardless of race, are housed in federal and state correctional facilities (Snyder, 2011). This rapid growth in the prison population has been attributed in a large part to the rate at which individuals are incarcerated for drug offenses, especially minorities (Snyder, 2011). Between1995 and 2003, the number of people in state and federal prisons incarcerated for drug offenses increased by 21 percent, from 280,182 to......

Words: 1793 - Pages: 8

Alternative to Incarceration

...Ever since the first prison opened in the United States in 1790, incarceration has been the center of the nation's criminal justice system. Over this 200 year period many creative alternatives to incarceration have been tried, and many at a much lower cost than imprisonment. It wasn't until the late 1980's when our criminal justice systems across the country began experiencing a problem with overcrowding of facilities. This problem forced lawmakers to develop new options for sentencing criminal offenders. Unlike jail or prisons, which create an expensive cycle of violence and crime, these alternatives actually prevent violence and strengthen communities. Community corrections programs provide many communities with local punishment options as an alternative to prison or jail. These sanction programs are lower cost alternatives to the increased prison and jail constructions, based on the cost per offender. These programs provide local courts, state departments of corrections, and state parole boards with a broad range of correctional options for offenders under their jurisdiction. The overall goals of these programs are to fit the appropriate punishment with the crime, the offender is punished and held accountable, and the public safety is protected. There are several programs available as an alternative to incarceration, the earliest being probation. Probation is still widely used for first time offenders. This program allows the offender a sort of second chance in the......

Words: 933 - Pages: 4

Crj 180 Week 10 Assignment 2 Alternatives to Incarceration

...CRJ 180 Week 10 Assignment 2 Alternatives to Incarceration Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/crj-180-week-10-assignment-2-alternatives-to-incarceration/ Or Visit www.hwcampus.com Alternatives to Incarceration Recent study illustrates that nearly two (2) million juveniles are processed through juvenile courts across the United States each year. Depending on the nature of the crime, juveniles may face detention or incarceration if they are convicted. Given the fact that many courts are reluctant to incarcerate criminal offenders, judges often consider alternatives to incarceration. The driving force behind these alternatives is to save taxpayer money yet still demand offender accountability and impose sanctions for criminal behavior. Use the Internet or Strayer databases to research the use of sanctions other than incarceration or detention for juvenile offenders. Write a two to three (2-3) page paper in which you: 1. Examine the underlying historical and economic reasons behind the quest for alternatives to incarcerating offenders in jails and prisons. 2. Describe three (3) alternatives to incarceration that juvenile courts currently use. Provide examples of such alternatives in practice to support the response. 3. Discuss the significant societal and individual benefits of imposing sanctions or punishments that do not involve removing an offender from his / her family or community. 4. Use at least three (3) quality references....

Words: 390 - Pages: 2

Crj 180 Week 10 Assignment 2 Alternatives to Incarceration

...CRJ 180 Week 10 Assignment 2 Alternatives to Incarceration Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/crj-180-week-10-assignment-2-alternatives-to-incarceration/ Or Visit www.hwcampus.com Alternatives to Incarceration Recent study illustrates that nearly two (2) million juveniles are processed through juvenile courts across the United States each year. Depending on the nature of the crime, juveniles may face detention or incarceration if they are convicted. Given the fact that many courts are reluctant to incarcerate criminal offenders, judges often consider alternatives to incarceration. The driving force behind these alternatives is to save taxpayer money yet still demand offender accountability and impose sanctions for criminal behavior. Use the Internet or Strayer databases to research the use of sanctions other than incarceration or detention for juvenile offenders. Write a two to three (2-3) page paper in which you: 1. Examine the underlying historical and economic reasons behind the quest for alternatives to incarcerating offenders in jails and prisons. 2. Describe three (3) alternatives to incarceration that juvenile courts currently use. Provide examples of such alternatives in practice to support the response. 3. Discuss the significant societal and individual benefits of imposing sanctions or punishments that do not involve removing an offender from his / her family or community. 4. Use at least three (3) quality references....

Words: 390 - Pages: 2

Alternatives to Incarceration

...Alternatives to Incarceration Community based correction is a program which is supervised to deal with people who have been convicted or are facing conviction. It is a non-incarcerated system of corrections. Late eighties and early nineties have brought a new revolution in the justice system. Parole and probation have always been a way of community correction, but with technological advancement and considering the psychology of convicted people, correction programs have widened to accommodate work releases, day fine programs, electronic monitoring, home confinement, community service, half way houses, boot camp prisons, restitution, check-in programs, mediation, curfews, restorative justice centers, drug checks, alcohol checks and other methods where there is a certain level of trust between the offenders and the people involved. The objective of this essay is to compare and contrast characteristics and goals of halfway houses, day reporting centers, and drug courts. Their similarities and difference in regards to incarceration will also be discussed. Halfway houses, also called “community correction centers” or “residential reentry centers” are used mostly as an intermediate housing option to help a person return from prison to the community after he has served a prison sentence (Bayens & Smykla, 2013). Sometimes, though, halfway houses can be used instead of prison or jail, usually when a person’s sentence is very short. For example, halfway houses may be a good......

Words: 1507 - Pages: 7

Rationales of Incarceration

...Rationales of Incarceration as Punishment and Alternative Methods The Government has several theories to support the use of incarceration as punishment. Which can be divided into two main categories: utilitarian and retributive. The utilitarian theory seeks to discourage “deter” future crimes by punishing the offender. The retributive theory seeks to punish offenders because they deserve to be punished. If one looks future into the reasons we punish criminals, one can find a number of justifications for using punishment. "Most criminal justice scholars agree [though] that there are four primary justifications for criminal punishment; retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation.” (The drug trade, 2004-2005, p. 206) The first rationale is deterrence which is let’s use this person as an example so they and others will not commit a crime. I feel the main reason we use incarceration is to punish the offender and to maintain order in society. Some believe that when you punish an offender it will deter them from a lifetime of future crime as well as others in society. You have to ask yourself does incarceration deter crime. The short answer is both yes and no. Some will learn from their mistakes and not do it again and others will not care. Some believe that deterrence is useful in deterring convicted offenders from committing other crimes and will deter others in society from committing crimes. If a person knows that they will be punished if caught committing...

Words: 826 - Pages: 4

Crj 180 Week 10 Assignment 2 Alternatives to Incarceration

...CRJ 180 Week 10 Assignment 2 Alternatives to Incarceration Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/crj-180-week-10-assignment-2-alternatives-to-incarceration/ Or Visit www.hwcampus.com Alternatives to Incarceration Recent study illustrates that nearly two (2) million juveniles are processed through juvenile courts across the United States each year. Depending on the nature of the crime, juveniles may face detention or incarceration if they are convicted. Given the fact that many courts are reluctant to incarcerate criminal offenders, judges often consider alternatives to incarceration. The driving force behind these alternatives is to save taxpayer money yet still demand offender accountability and impose sanctions for criminal behavior. Use the Internet or Strayer databases to research the use of sanctions other than incarceration or detention for juvenile offenders. Write a two to three (2-3) page paper in which you: 1. Examine the underlying historical and economic reasons behind the quest for alternatives to incarcerating offenders in jails and prisons. 2. Describe three (3) alternatives to incarceration that juvenile courts currently use. Provide examples of such alternatives in practice to support the response. 3. Discuss the significant societal and individual benefits of imposing sanctions or punishments that do not involve removing an offender from his / her family or community. 4. Use at least three (3) quality references....

Words: 390 - Pages: 2

Alternatives to Incarceration

...Alternatives to Incarceration Nicole Kimble Professor White CRJ 180 December 4, 2015 In examining the underlying historical and economic reasons behind the quest for alternatives to incarcerating offenders in jails and prisons, “between 1972 and 2010, the United States prison population increased exponentially from fewer than 200,000 prisoners to more than 1.6 million. Including, jails, the United States now incarcerates approximately 2.3 million people on any given day. By 2012, one in 108 American adults had been incarcerated. During these decades, the contours of American exceptionalism expanded as the United States acquired the distinction of leading incarcerator of the world.” (Eaglin, J pp.1845) I would also like to add that the “Model Penal Code takes an important stride toward fundamental thinking as it refocuses economic sanctions around the goal of successful reintegration into society. There is reason to believe that the broader public and political has not similarly reoriented itself around this framework, despite the apparent shift towards rehabilitative reforms. Neorehabilitaive reforms maintain the dame framework of exclusion that created policies that increased prison populations even though the rhetoric of reform has changed. So to speak, “unless and until the public politicians develop the will to fund a reintegrative system, economic sanctions may be another alternative to incarceration implemented in the wrong way despite the ally’s efforts to......

Words: 747 - Pages: 3

Incarceration

...prisons, and more than 5 million Americans were under other forms of custodial supervision, including probation and parole, for a total of 7.2 million Americans-3.2 percent of the US population-under some form of custodial of supervisory control of the criminal justice system (120).” African American men make up a majority of the US prison population. This is bad being that some African American men are look down upon. It was mentioned that all African Americans men that are incarcerated is about 5 percent compared to the 1 percent white men that are incarcerated. This means that African Americans men are 10 times more like to be incarnated then white men. Thesis: The purpose of this essay is to analyze the causes to African American incarceration such as racial profiling, sentencing disparities, and exonerations; having a life is not what they have. ......

Words: 667 - Pages: 3

Crj 180 Week 10 Assignment 2 Alternatives to Incarceration

...CRJ 180 Week 10 Assignment 2 Alternatives to Incarceration Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/crj-180-week-10-assignment-2-alternatives-to-incarceration/ Or Visit www.hwcampus.com Alternatives to Incarceration Recent study illustrates that nearly two (2) million juveniles are processed through juvenile courts across the United States each year. Depending on the nature of the crime, juveniles may face detention or incarceration if they are convicted. Given the fact that many courts are reluctant to incarcerate criminal offenders, judges often consider alternatives to incarceration. The driving force behind these alternatives is to save taxpayer money yet still demand offender accountability and impose sanctions for criminal behavior. Use the Internet or Strayer databases to research the use of sanctions other than incarceration or detention for juvenile offenders. Write a two to three (2-3) page paper in which you: 1. Examine the underlying historical and economic reasons behind the quest for alternatives to incarcerating offenders in jails and prisons. 2. Describe three (3) alternatives to incarceration that juvenile courts currently use. Provide examples of such alternatives in practice to support the response. 3. Discuss the significant societal and individual benefits of imposing sanctions or punishments that do not involve removing an offender from his / her family or community. 4. Use at least three (3) quality references....

Words: 390 - Pages: 2

Crj 180 Week 10 Assignment 2 Alternatives to Incarceration

...CRJ 180 Week 10 Assignment 2 Alternatives to Incarceration Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/crj-180-week-10-assignment-2-alternatives-to-incarceration/ Or Visit www.hwcampus.com Alternatives to Incarceration Recent study illustrates that nearly two (2) million juveniles are processed through juvenile courts across the United States each year. Depending on the nature of the crime, juveniles may face detention or incarceration if they are convicted. Given the fact that many courts are reluctant to incarcerate criminal offenders, judges often consider alternatives to incarceration. The driving force behind these alternatives is to save taxpayer money yet still demand offender accountability and impose sanctions for criminal behavior. Use the Internet or Strayer databases to research the use of sanctions other than incarceration or detention for juvenile offenders. Write a two to three (2-3) page paper in which you: 1. Examine the underlying historical and economic reasons behind the quest for alternatives to incarcerating offenders in jails and prisons. 2. Describe three (3) alternatives to incarceration that juvenile courts currently use. Provide examples of such alternatives in practice to support the response. 3. Discuss the significant societal and individual benefits of imposing sanctions or punishments that do not involve removing an offender from his / her family or community. 4. Use at least three (3) quality references....

Words: 390 - Pages: 2

Crj 180 Week 10 Assignment 2 Alternatives to Incarceration

...CRJ 180 Week 10 Assignment 2 Alternatives to Incarceration Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/crj-180-week-10-assignment-2-alternatives-to-incarceration/ Or Visit www.hwcampus.com Alternatives to Incarceration Recent study illustrates that nearly two (2) million juveniles are processed through juvenile courts across the United States each year. Depending on the nature of the crime, juveniles may face detention or incarceration if they are convicted. Given the fact that many courts are reluctant to incarcerate criminal offenders, judges often consider alternatives to incarceration. The driving force behind these alternatives is to save taxpayer money yet still demand offender accountability and impose sanctions for criminal behavior. Use the Internet or Strayer databases to research the use of sanctions other than incarceration or detention for juvenile offenders. Write a two to three (2-3) page paper in which you: 1. Examine the underlying historical and economic reasons behind the quest for alternatives to incarcerating offenders in jails and prisons. 2. Describe three (3) alternatives to incarceration that juvenile courts currently use. Provide examples of such alternatives in practice to support the response. 3. Discuss the significant societal and individual benefits of imposing sanctions or punishments that do not involve removing an offender from his / her family or community. 4. Use at least three (3) quality references....

Words: 390 - Pages: 2

Incarceration

...Running head: ALTERNATIVE SOLUTIONS TO INCARCERATION Alternative Solutions to Incarceration Meral Daniel Southern New Hampshire University Alternative Solutions to Incarceration Incarceration is the result after a crime is committed by an individual and has a number of objectives. Primarily, it is intended to keep persons who have committed a crime under secure control and to punish them by depriving them of their liberty. Imprisonment keeps them from committing further crimes while they are incarcerated “and, in theory, allows them to be rehabilitated during their period of imprisonment. The goal of rehabilitation is to address the underlying factors that led to criminal behavior and by so doing, reducing the likelihood of re-offending. However, it is precisely this objective that is generally not being met by imprisonment. On the contrary, evidence shows that prisons not only rarely rehabilitate, but they tend to further criminalize individuals, leading to re-offending and a cycle of release and imprisonment, which does nothing to reduce overcrowding in prisons or to build safer communities.” (United Nations, 2006) One effective alternative to incarceration is the use of GPS monitoring and it is becoming an increasingly important topic of consideration by state rehabilitation and correction agencies. Location tracking systems, such as GPS, have customarily been used solely to track higher-risk offenders. However...

Words: 592 - Pages: 3

Đắp Mộ Cuộc Tình | On en parle de jax ATM | The Nun (2018)