Acid Reflux

In: Science

Submitted By phatkat1725
Words 281
Pages 2
D.Z., a 65-year-old man, is admitted to a medical floor for exacerbation of his chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; emphysema). He has a past medical history (PMH) of hypertension (HTN), which has been well controlled by enalapril (Vasotec) for the past 6 years, and a diagnosis (Dx) of pneumonia yearly for the past 3 years. He appears as a cachectic man who is experiencing difficulty breathing at rest. He reports cough productive of thick yellow-green sputum. D.Z. seems irritable and anxious when he tells you that he has been a 2-pack-a-day smoker for 38 years. He complains of (C/O) sleeping poorly and lately feels tired most of the time. His vital signs (VS) are 162/84, 124, 36, 102°F, Sao2 88%. His admitting diagnosis is chronic emphysema with an acute exacerbation, etiology to be determined. His admitting orders are as follows: diet as tolerated; out of bed with assistance; oxygen (O2) to maintain Sao2 of 90%; maintenance IV of D5W at 50 ml/hr; intake and output (I&O); arterial blood gases (ABGs) in am; CBC with differential, basic metabolic panel (BMP), and theophylline (Theo-Dur) level on admission; chest x-ray (CXR) q24h; prednisone 60 mg/day PO; doxycycline 100 mg PO q12h × 10 days, azithromycin 500 mg IV piggyback (IVPB) q24h ×2 days then 500 mg PO × 7 days; theophylline 300 mg PO bid; heparin 5000 units SC q12h; albuterol 2.5 mg (0.5 ml) in 3 ml normal saline (NS) and ipratropium 500 mg by nebulizer q4-6h; enalapril 10 mg PO q am.
1. Identify at least three measures you could try to improve…...

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