Abraham Maslow and Nursing

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Abraham Maslow and Nursing

Abraham Maslow and Nursing Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs has a lot to offer the field of nursing. As a theorist of humanistic psychology, Maslow adopted a more holistic-dynamic approach to the field (Hall, Lindzey & Campbell, 1998). He was born on April 1, 1908. Growing up as a boy, his relationship with his parents was strained (Emrich, n.d.). He did research on primate behavior at the University of Wisconsin and later served as a faculty member of Brooklyn College and Brandeis University. The Laughlin Foundation made him a resident fellow in 1969. Maslow died of a heart attack on June 8, 1970 (Hall, Lindzey & Campbell, 1998). The interesting thing about Maslow is that he developed his theories as part of the so-called "Third Force" of psychology: humanistic psychology. This was a response to the prevailing schools of thought at the time (Hall, Lindzey & Campbell, 1998). For him, psychoanalysis and behaviorism provided such negative and mechanistic outlooks of the human person, respectively. Something was needed to provide a more holistic perspective of people in order to balance out the other two approaches. Thus, he became the spiritual father of the humanistic psychology movement and contributed his famous Hierarchy of Needs (Schultz & Schultz, 2000). Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs basically argues that people have an innate tendency to self-actualize—that is to move toward developing and realizing their fullest potential as human beings. In order to do this, however, they must first make sure that specific needs are met in a certain order of importance. The more basic and lower ranked needs in the hierarchy (E.g. food, clothing and shelter) must be attended to first before people can think of attending to the higher ranked ones (E.g. safety, love, self-esteem) (Schultz &…...

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Abraham Maslow

...The Humanistic Theory of Abraham Maslow Linda Cooper Psychology 210 Abraham Maslow was born April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn New York. Although his parents were uneducated Jewish immigrants from Russia, they pushed him to excel academically. Without the approval of his parents, Maslow married his first cousin Bertha Goodman and they had two daughters. After studying law at the City College of New York, Maslow and his family moved to Wisconsin where both Maslow and Bertha attended the University of Wisconsin. Abraham Maslow received his BA, MA, and his PhD in psychology from the University of Wisconsin. After graduation, Maslow moved back to New York to begin his teaching career at Brooklyn College. During this time Maslow served as the chair of the psychology department with a German-Jewish physician and psychiatrist named Kurt Goldstein. Goldstein was the originator of the idea of self-actualization. Inspired by Kurt Goldstein’s idea of self-actualization, Maslow began his studies on humanistic psychology. Maslow’s influences also included psychologist Harry Harlow, Alfred Adler, Max Wertheimer and anthropologist Ruth Benedict (Soylent Communications, 2012). Abraham Maslow was a psychologist and a humanistic theorist who was well known for his views on human motivation. During his studies on human motivations and humanistic psychology Maslow developed the Maslow's Hierarchy of needs. The hierarchy of needs theory is designed in the form of a pyramid. The pyramid is divided......

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Abraham Maslow

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...Maslow – Holistic Dynamic Theory Holistic Dynamic Theory assumes that the whole person is continually being motivated by one need or another and that people have the potential to grow toward psychological health, that is, self actualization. To attain self actualization, people must satisfy lower level needs such as hunger, safety, love, and esteem. Only after they are relatively satisfied in each of these needs can they reach self-actualization. It is often called the third force in psychology. Biography • Had a dissatisfying childhood • Poor performance in school • Classroom experiences with great teachers in psychology including Harlow, Titchner, Ruth Benedict, Max Wertheimer and, Alfred Adler, Julian Rotter, and Kurt Goldstein • Personal life was filled with pain and ill health. He was shy, unhappy, isolated, and self-rejecting • Died of a heart attack in 1970 Maslow’s view of Motivations • First, the approach is holistic, meaning that not any single part or function is motivated • Motivation is usually complex, meaning that a person’s behavior may spring from several separate motives. • People are continually motivated by one need or another. When one need is satisfied, it ordinarily loses its motivational power and is then replaced by another need • All people everywhere are motivated by the basic needs. The manner in which people of different cultures obtain food, build shelters, express......

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...Organizational Behavior Richard Robinson MGT 5013 Organizational Behavior Dr. Robert Gulbro 17 July, 2013 Abraham Maslow’s Theory of Needs Abraham Harold Maslow was born in Brooklyn, NY. He later attended several colleges such as Cornell University, the University of Wisconsin and the City College of New York. He later went on to become a very well known psychologist. He was best known for his hierarchy of needs, this theory contains the following five human needs: Physiological, Safety and security, Belongingness, Esteem and Self-actualization. Physiological needs are the foundation of Maslow's hierarchy of needs and include survival needs such as the need for sleep, food, air, and reproduction (para 3). Before we can understand the physiological basis, we first must look at the cultural and nurture expressions of needs from the true fundamental of needs. And we will gain a good inside track into the way humans think. The importance of the physiological need is that we need oxygen to breathe and live. Just like we need water every day to wash clothes, dishes, take a shower and drink. We need food to eat and give us strength. My physiological needs were tested to the fullest. With the Benning phase (squad patrols), Dahlonega phase (mountains platoon patrols) and the Florida phase (swamp operations). First I needed to survive the grueling torture that my body would take over the next three months. In the first week of Ranger School we had to do the following: Monday...

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...Maslow’s concept of peak experiences in daily life. Description In this reflective journal I am going to describe and evaluate concept of “peak experiences” which was developed by Maslow. According to Maslow (1971), peak experience is an unexpected feeling of extreme joy, prosperity, loss of fear and euphoria. Peak experience is an essential part of our life that leads us to a meaningful and satisfying life. Such events can happen anywhere and any time even during listening to music, cooking or doing sport activity (Maslow, 1962). As for me, in this journal I will share one of my daily activities that can be described as a peak experience. Interpretation To begin with, there are three characteristics of peak experience: significance, fulfillment and spiritual (Privette, 2001). From my point of view, it is important to know each of the characteristics to understand what peak experience is and why it is important. First of all, significance means that peak experience allows people to see things differently, from new perspective and his personal awareness starts to increase (Maslow, 1970). That can lead to serious changes in person’s life. Secondly, by fulfillment it is understood that peak experiences always make positive emotions and help to achieve a certain goal. Finally, people sometimes can not sense the time and they feel disorientated due to connection with the world at once. This is spiritual kind of peak experience. For me, the significant experience was......

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...Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology, proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation. Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans' innate curiosity. His theories parallel many other theories of human developmental psychology, all of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans. Maslow studied what he called exemplary people such as Albert Einstein, Jane Addams, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Frederick Douglass rather than mentally ill or neurotic people, writing that "the study of crippled, stunted, immature, and unhealthy specimens can yield only a cripple psychology and a cripple philosophy." Maslow studied the healthiest 1% of the college student population. Maslow's theory was fully expressed in his 1954 book Motivation and Personality. Maslow is a humanistic psychologist. Humanists do not believe that human beings are pushed and pulled by mechanical forces, either of stimuli and reinforcements or of unconscious instinctual impulses. Humanists focus upon potentials. They believe that humans strive for an upper level of capabilities. Humans seek the frontiers of creativity, the highest reaches of consciousness and wisdom. This has been labeled "fully functioning person", "healthy personality", or as Maslow calls this level, "self-actualizing person." Maslow has set up a hierarchic theory of needs. All of his basic needs are instinctual, equivalent of instincts in animals. Humans start......

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Abraham Maslow

...ABRAHAM MASLOW Born April1,1908 Abraham Maslow was the oldest of seven children born to his parents in Brooklyn New York. Feeling pressure from his parents to achieve academic greatness, Abraham went through early childhood with few friends. Focusing mainly on his studies Maslow had a quiet and unfulfilling adolescence. Abraham started off his college career by attending city college in New York were he began to study law, as his father had wanted him to do. He soon lost interest and transferred to the University of Wisconsin and studied psychology. Here Maslow received, in 1934, his Ph.D. During his college career Abraham married his cousin Bertha Goodman, his parents did not approve of the union and were saddened by it . While Maslow was at Wisconsin he met a man named Harry Harlow, Harlow had a great affect on Maslow and his thinking . Another one of Maslows role models was E.L Thorndike who got him interested in human sexuality. Abraham took a job at Brooklyn College ,it is here were he took interest in humanistic psychology. And developed his theory on the “Hierarchy of Needs”, and the idea of self-actualization. Maslow would go on to be one of the greatest humanistic and behavioral psychologists to date. Trying to get up that great big hill hope for his destination Abraham Maslow created the hierarchy of needs. Which takes us from basic physical needs to self -actualization. Maslow believed each person was born with his or hers mental, creative , and social potential.......

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